Classification of salivary gland disorders

CLASSIFICATION OF SALIVARY GLAND DISORDERS 

1)DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS

Aberrancy (ectopic gland)

Aplasia(absence of glands) and hypoplasia

Atresia (absence of ducts)

Hyperplasia

Diverticuli

Accessory ducts

Congenital fistula

2)FUNCTIONAL DISORDERS

Sialorrhoea

Xerostomia

3)OBSTRUCTIVE DISORDERS

Sialolithiasis

Mucus plug

Foreign bodies

Structure and stenosis

Extraductal causes

4)CYST

Mucocele

Ranula

5)ASYMPTOMATIC ENLARGEMENT

Sialosis

Allergic

Associated with malnutrition and alcoholism

6)INFECTION

Viral infection

Bacterial infection

Mycotic infection

7)AUTOIMMUNE DISORDERS

Sjögren’s syndrome

Mikulicz’s disease

Uveoparotid fever

Recurrent non-specific parotitis

8)NEOPLASMS

Benign but seldom recurrent

Warthin’s tumour

Oncocytoma

Monomorphic salivary adenoma

Benign but often recurrent

Pleomorphic adenoma

Mucoepidermoid tumour (low grade)

Acinic cell tumour

Malignant

Carcinoma in pleomorphic adenoma

Adenoid cystic carcinoma

Mucoepidermoid tumour (high grade)

Acinic cell tumour (some)

Squamous carcinoma

Adenocarcinoma

Undifferentiated carcinoma