The aims and the objectives of orthodontics have been summarized by Jackson as Jackson’s triad.
The three main objectives of orthodontic treatment are:
- Functional efficiency
- Structural balance
- Esthetic harmony
- Many malocclusion affect normal functioning of the stomatognathic system
- Thus, the orthodontic treatment aim at improving the functioning of oro-facial apparatus
- Oro-facial region consists of the dentoalveolar systems, the skeletal tissue and the soft tissue including musculature
- To achieve the stable orthodontic treatment balance should be maintained between these three tissue system.
- The most common reason for seeking the orthodontic care is to improve the appearance of teeth and face
- Many malocclusions associated with unsightly appearance of teeth and can thus affect the individual’s self image, well-being and success in society
- Thus, orthodontic treatment plays a very important role in improving the esthetics of the individual.